THE 10 COMMANDMENTS
Text: Exodus 20:1-11
20 And God spake all these words, saying,
2 I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;
6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which theLord thy God giveth thee.
13 Thou shalt not kill.
14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.
15 Thou shalt not steal.
16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.
What are commandments?
We have paraphrased the commandments so we understand it…none of that do thou…..These were God’s commands as a code to guide the Israelites.
- The first command in verses 2-6 says : You shall have no other gods before Me.
You shall not make idols.
This is stated very clearly- NO other god…..what have I turned into a god, what has taken the place of the Most High in my life? Money, finances, the opposite sex, material pursuits, lust for position and or power?
Nor shall you be involved in idol worship of any form..A god that need to be carried around, fought for, fed…..
- Verse 7: You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain.
This is one we almost always fall victims to…our speech, how we have placed God on the same pedestal we place ourselves or people we ’admire’. We have taken His holy name in vain in our utterances- songs, banter with our friends…..
- Verse 8-11: Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
- Verse 12: Honor your father and your mother.
Honor thy father and thy mother, this is the only commandment with a reward. Honor them that your days be long.
- Verse 13: You shall not murder.
Thou shall not kill. What will make a person kill another? Is there really any justification for murder/ killing another person? Luke 6: 27-38
- Verse 14: You shall not commit adultery.
Thou shall not commit adultery, even in your thoughts….
- Verse 15: You shall not steal.
Thou shall not steal. There is a relativity between covetousness and the sin of adultery, stealing. A lack of self control in an individual, greed creates an enabling environment for adultery, stealing. If a person doesn’t have a covetous nature, he wouldn’t engage in the acts described in vs. 14 and 15.
Matthew 5: 21-32
21 Ye have heard that it was said of them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:
22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
23 Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee;
24 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.
25 Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison.
26 Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing.
27 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery:
28 But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
29 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
30 And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
31 It hath been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:
32 But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery.
- Verse 16: You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
Thou shall not tell lies against your neighbor, claiming to have witnessed what you never saw or heard. Telling lies is a character of a false witness.
- Verse 17: You shall not covert your neighbor’s things.
Thou shall not covet they neighbor’s goods.
In parting Galatians 5:16 tells us:
16 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh.